Richard Rorty[ edit ] Richard Rorty argues in Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature that contemporary analytic philosophy mistakenly imitates scientific methods. Hence, philosophical reading and writing are not activities of an identical subject, but processes of mediation and indeterminacy between self and other, and philosophical narrative is an overcoming of their differences.
In this text, Nietzsche puts forward the hypothesis that scientific Postmodernism in literature are chains of metaphors hardened into accepted truths. A consequence of achieved modernism is what postmodernists might refer to as de-realization.
Thus logic is born from the demand to adhere to common social norms which shape the human herd into a society of knowing and acting subjects. As a result of these developments, archival science now should find its inspiration from functional analyses of the records-creating processes and from contemporary social theory rather than from the arrangement and description of recorded products found in archives.
As formal conjecture about real-world issues becomes inextricably linked to automated calculation, information storage, and retrieval, such knowledge becomes increasingly "exteriorised" from its knowers in the form of information. Abian  suggests that we have to choose between feminism and semantic deconstruction.
Instead of resisting the admission of this paradox in the search for understanding, Heidegger requires that we embrace it through an active process of elucidation he called the " hermeneutic circle ".
There has been a collective shift during the past century from a juridical-administrative justification for archives grounded in concepts of the state, to a socio-cultural justification for archives grounded in wider public policy and public use. With electronic records, the physical medium becomes almost totally irrelevant in a time-frame of decades or centuries for preserving such records, as the records themselves will be migrated forward before the physical storage medium deteriorates, and repeatedly so.
The shift of authority from the presence and intuition of knowers—from the good faith of reason to seek diverse knowledge integrated for human benefit or truth fidelity—to the automated database and the market had, in Lyotard's view, the power to unravel the very idea of "justification" or "legitimation" and, with it, the rationale for research altogether, especially in disciplines pertaining to human life, society, and meaning.
We live in a postmodernist era of theoretical discussion, whether we like it or not. While two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen under the same physical conditions at any place on earth at any time will always produce one molecule of water, two records creators, one function, and the need to record evidence of some identical task or transaction in different countries in different centuries will never produce the same archival record.
Several discourses concerning precultural narrative exist. Lacan's distinctive gesture is his insistence that the Freudian unconscious is a function, or set of functions, belonging to language and particularly to the verbal exchanges between the analyst and analysand during the analytic session see Lacan — Loeb Classical Library, Because these strategies must be carried out within the symbolic order, they are matters of rhetoric and art, or a hybrid of both.
Postmodernism, on the other hand, is a school of thought or a movement that took place after the Second World War, but it gained popularity in the s. Modernism supported the belief that there is a purpose for life and that it should be viewed objectively.
The following definitions, which vary widely in depth, focus, and scope, are listed in the chronological order of their appearance. Postmodernist artists get their inspiration and basis from the original works of modernist artists. Justice, then, would not be a definable rule, but an ability to move and judge among rules in their heterogeneity and multiplicity.
A theory of society may instead prove capable of offering unified categories within which the whole gamut of archival problems can be easily lodged. Humanities Press International, Inc. Burroughs uses science fiction, detective fiction, westerns; Margaret Atwood uses science fiction and fairy tales; Thomas Pynchon, uses elements from detective fiction, science fiction, and war fiction.
Where Nietzsche announces the overcoming of nihilism through the active nihilism of the eternal return, Heidegger proposes to overcome metaphysics through a non-metaphysical experience of being.
In this respect, Habermas's concern with inter-subjective communication helps clarify the basis upon which the modernist-postmodernist debates continue to play out. The prefix "post", however, does not necessarily imply a new era. Buxton  suggests that we have to choose between feminism and constructive deconstruction.
Film Criticism and Comment New York:That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism. However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such as presence, identity, historical progress, epistemic certainty, and the univocity of meaning.
Postmodernism is known for its rebellious approach and willingness to test boundaries.
We may take this for granted in literature today, but there was a time back in the 17th and 18th centuries (known as the Enlightenment) that. Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era. (In this context, "modern" is not used in the sense of "contemporary", but merely as a name.
Postmodern Literature Characteristics. BACK; NEXT ; Little Words, Big Ideas. Intertextuality. The poet John Donne once wrote that "no man is an island," and for postmodernists, no text is an island. Postmodernism is all about the connections between texts, including the various ways in whic.
LINDA HUTCHEON, in her books The Politics of Postmodernismand the Poetics of Postmodernism, has outlined some of the major aesthetic features of postmodern literature, particularly of what she terms "historiographic metafiction." Her discussion of parody and irony has also been highly influential, helping scholars and students alike.
Postmodern literature, like postmodernism as a whole, tends to resist definition or classification as a "movement". However, works considered postmodern tend to engage with various modes of critical theory.Download